Although DJ technology has evolved far into digital realms, its origins of turntables and vinyl records are still very relevant today for DJs who favor a more traditional and analog approach. Performing with such a minimal setup relies on manual skill in order to be creative which led to the birth of turntablism – a competitive sub-culture of DJing which celebrates and furthers the art of creating musical compositions using existing music found on vinyl records.
A turntable is a device, commonly recognized by having many key parts. Most notable are the platter and tonearm which have historically been essential for the playback of music. The platter, makes up the bulk of the turntable's surface and can be driven by a motor, either directly or indirectly with a belt. Vinyl records are placed on this platter and rotated at constant speeds while a cartridge attached to the tonearm is then delicately placed onto the vinyl surface to read and play back the music. Various types of cartridges are available to suit the performance style and preference of a DJ.
The torque of a turntable refers to the turning power of the platter, which is dependent on the strength and efficiency of the motor attached to it. Belt-drive motors are indirectly linked to the platter with a belt and perform with a lower torque than a direct drive motor which is in direct contact with the platter. Direct drive turntables are often more expensive and preferential for demanding and professional uses, whereas belt-drive turntables may be a more cost effective way to get started as a DJ.
A turntable alone is incapable of outputting sound without a supplementary device to receive the signal data. For traditional operation, it is necessary for a needle (housed in a cartridge) to be placed onto the surface of a rotating record, in order to play it. A second option known as DVS (digital vinyl system) also makes use of a cartridge but adds an audio interface and DJ software into the signal chain to convert analog information to digital data. So rather than playing regular analog records containing music, time code vinyls are used which contain a continuous tone that the software understands and responds to by playing music from a digital source. A third option known as PHASE, eradicates the need for a cartridge and tonearm entirely by using a wireless transmission device to play back music from DJ software. The wireless remotes capture the turntable's rotation information and send this to a receiver which will then processes this into a signal.
Depending on the price range, you'll find differences in the quality of the turntable's construction. The goal is to isolate unwanted vibrations and ambient noise as much as possible. The most obvious indicator is the overall weight, giving a hint on the materials used.
Through combinations of metal, rubber and synthetic materials, the damping can be further improved. Particularly durable turntables are also equipped with a metal surface that is coated with a scratch-resistant finish.
What else do you need on a turntable? There are several additional features like reverse function, wider pitch ranges (Ultrapitch) and MIDI compatible control sections that can take your DJ performances to a new level of creativity. Whether you need those features really depends on what you'd like to use the turntable for. For instance, if you're mixing music of a similar BPM, you won't need Ultrapitch (usually a range of +/-50%) – this is a useful feature when mixing music with totally different BPM ranges, or for turntablism-style pitching tricks, or even for producers to record and sample analog records in extreme pitch ranges. If you choose to play with a digital vinyl system (DVS) you may also like to have an additional MIDI section to control performance modes in your DJ software. This can add a new dimensions to a live DJ set with features such as cue points, looping, and key-shifting.
As a general rule, turntables are priced according to their build quality and features, and so professional standard products are usually priced in the upper tiers of the market. Likewise, cheaper turntables are usually not suitable to handle the demands of professional DJ use. The intended use or application of a turntable should be a deciding factor when choosing which model to buy, for example, bedroom DJing, live tour performances, or for turntablism and DJ battles.
Here at Reloop, we are dedicated to preserving Turntablism culture by incorporating state of the art technology and developing an extensive and robust range of products to suit turntablists of all levels.
Reloop RP-8000 MK2 - Upper torque hybrid turntable instrument (Introduction)
RP-7000 MK2 – NextGen professional upper torque turntable system (Introduction)
RP-7000 MK2 NextGen turntable - Did You Know? (Tutorial)
RP-8000 & RMX-80 - Turntablism showcase by DJ Angelo (Routine)
RP-7000 MK2 + RMX-90 w/ DJ Delta (Routine)
RP-8000 - Performance w/ DJ Angelo #4PLAY
Complementary to the 'Reloop Platter Play Education Series', you can now download artist sound packs for the RP-8000 MK2 for free.
These sound packs consist of a variety of 1-minute-long instruments and synth sounds to play instantly with the Platter Play feature. For more information about 'Platter Play' and how to use the sounds, please check the links to our Youtube tutorials.
Vol.1 of our 'Reloop Platter Play Sound Packs' was compiled by our artist DJ Dens (Germany), who also was involved in the development of the RP-8000 MK2.
“I love the Platter Play feature and tried to create sounds, which can be used for various songs to play along and create new melodies.“
On our Content Pages you will find a lot of useful information about the topic of DJing. We try our best to pass on the knowledge to our customers, keeping this area updated regularly and filling it with new content.
Although DJ technology has evolved far into digital realms, its origins of turntables and vinyl records are still very relevant today for DJs who favor a more traditional and analog approach. Performing with such a minimal... Learn more!
While the turntable is the main component that should provide the best conditions for playing the record, the cartridge has a huge influence on the overall sound. Depending on your style, you can choose from spherical styli for... Learn more!
While DJing with a computer has been an industry standard for many years, DJing using smart devices, such as iOS and Android-based systems, is fast becoming a popular option. There is a great selection of controllers for DJing with... Learn more!
Since its humble beginnings in the late 1970s, Turntablism has evolved into a deep art form, coinciding with the progression of technology and the tools with which to practice it. The turntable continues to prove itself as a... Learn more!
Portablism is the practice of DJing with easily transportable gear. It was born out of a combination of curiosity and the desire to take Turntablism anywhere at any time. Its exponential growth is the reason why some are... Learn more!
This guide will help you to get an overview about different controller options for performing with Serato DJ. The software company is based in Auckland, New Zealand and produces powerful software solutions for DJs and... Learn more!